Mannheim, Karl

(1893-1947)
   sociologist; helped establish sociology as an academic discipline. Born in Budapest to a Hungarian father and a German mother, he studied philosophy, pedagogy, and German literary history before taking a doctorate at Budapest in 1918 with a thesis analyzing the theory of knowledge (Die Strukturanalyse der Erkenntnistheorie). In 1915-1919 he be-longed to the Sunday Circle, a group of intellectuals that included Georg Lu-kacs.* He taught cultural philosophy at Budapest during the brief period of Bela Kun's Soviet Republic (May-June 1919). But Kun's demise forced him to flee to Germany, where he worked as a private teacher and tutor. In 1922, having resumed his studies, he completed a second doctorate at Heidelberg and then wrote his Habilitation in 1926.
   Mannheim obtained German citizenship in 1925 and taught sociology at Hei-delberg during 1926-1930 as a Privatdozent. In 1930 he succeeded Franz Op-penheimer at Frankfurt as professor of sociology and economics. But success was short-lived; of Jewish ancestry, he was dismissed in April 1933. Forced a second time to flee his home, he gained appointment as a lecturer in October 1933 at the London School of Economics. He retained this position until 1944 and taught also at the University of London's Institute of Education; the institute appointed him Professor for the Sociology of Education in 1945.
   Mannheim's intellectual evolution is often divided into a "Hungarian phase," a "German phase," and an "English phase." His Hungarian work, focused on a structural analysis of knowledge, was driven by a relativistic cultural-philosophical line of reasoning. During his German period—influenced by the thought of Karl Marx, Wilhelm Dilthey, Max Weber,* and Max Scheler*—he generated a science of sociology reflected in his 1929 work Ideologie und Uto-pie. By merging positivism and relativism, Ideologie und Utopie achieved a dialectic that he called "relationism"; in essence, he argued that there is no certainty in the study of society. His English years were influenced by prag-matism, behaviorism, and the application of psychoanalysis to sociology. Throughout his career he retained an attachment to the utopian aspects of Marx-ism.
   REFERENCES:H. Stuart Hughes, Consciousness and Society; Loader, Intellectual De-velopment ofKarl Mannheim; NDB, vol. 16; Raison, Founding Fathers; W.A.C. Stewart, Karl Mannheim.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • MANNHEIM, KARL — (1893–1947), sociologist. Born in Budapest, Mannheim was a student of Max Weber in Heidelberg. He was professor of sociology in Frankfurt in 1930, emigrating in 1933 to London, where he taught at the London School of Economics until his death.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mannheim, Karl — born March 27, 1893, Budapest, Austria Hungary died Jan. 9, 1947, London, Eng. Hungarian sociologist. Mannheim taught in Germany (University of Heidelberg, 1926–30; Frankfurt am Main, 1930–33) before the rise of Adolph Hitler. He was invited to… …   Universalium

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893 1947) A Hungarian sociologist who emigrated to Germany and finally to England shortly after Hitler came to power. His most enduring contribution was to the sociology of knowledge , which he defined as a theory of the social or existential… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893–1947) German sociologist. Born in Budapest, Mannheim was educated at Heidelberg, before becoming professor of sociology at Frankfurt. In 1933 he left Germany and taught at London until 1946. His major work, Ideologie und Utopie (1929, trs.… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893 1947)    Hungarian sociol ogist. Born in Budapest, he studied at the University of Budapest. He initially taught high school in Budapest, then at a teacher s training college of the University of Budapest and later at Heidelberg. In 1930 he …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mannheim, Karl — ► (1891 1947) Sociólogo alemán. Es conocido sobre todo por su obra Ideología y utopía (1929). * * * (27 mar. 1893, Budapest, Austria Hungría–9 ene. 1947, Londres, Inglaterra). Sociólogo alemán de origen húngaro. Fue docente en las universidades… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MANNHEIM, Karl — (1893 1947)    Hungarian SOCIOLOGIST who sought to relate styles of thought, or worldviews, to specific historical times and social GROUPS, and to show their social function. Wrote Ideology and Utopia (1936) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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  • Karl-Friedrich-Gymnasium Mannheim — Schulform Gymnasium Gründung 1664 Ort Mannheim Land Baden Württemberg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl III. Philipp — von der Pfalz im Harnisch, J. Ph. van der Schlichten, um 1733, Reiss Engelhorn Museen, Mannheim …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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